Member Login                           

REFERENCES

  1. Anderson, B. Stretching. Bolinas, CA: Shelter Publications, Inc., 1980.
  2. Appleton, BD. Stretching and Flexibility: Everything you never wanted to know. http://www.cmcrossroads.com/bradapp/docs/rec/stretching/ stretching_toc.html, 1998.
  3. Arnheim, DD. Modern Principles of Athletic Training (7th edition). St. Louis, MO: Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishing, 1989.
  4. Avela J, Kyrolainen H, & Komi PV. Altered reflex sensitivity after repeated and prolonged passive muscle stretching. J Appl Physiol. 86(4): 1283-91 Apr. 1999.
  5. Bandy WD, Irion JM, & Briggler M. The effect of time and frequency of static stretching on flexibility of the hamstring muscles. [Abstract] Phys Ther. 77(10): 1090-6 Oct 1997.
  6. Barbosa Aline, Rodrigues Santarem, Jose Maria, Filho Wilson Jacob, Marucci Maria De, & Fatima Nunes. Effects of Resistance Training on the Sit-and-Reach Test in Elderly Women. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.14-18 2002.
  7. Behm DG, Button DC, & Butt JC. Factors affecting force loss with prolonged stretching. Can J Appl Physiol 26(3): 261-72 Jun 2001.
  8. Best, Randy. Stretching for Success. Strength and Conditioning: Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 28-31 1995.
  9. Bompa, TO. Periodization of Strength. Toronto, ON: Veritas Publishing, 1993.
  10. Bompa, TO. Theory and Methodology of Training: The Key to Athletic Performance 3rd Edition. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1994.
  11. Bordas J, Svensson A, Rothery M, Lowy J, Diakun GP, & Boesecke P. Extensibility and symmetry of actin filaments in contracting muscles. Biophys J. 77(6): 3197-207 Dec 1999.
  12. Brainum, J. Stretching the Truth. Ironman Magazine. Vol. 59, No. 6, pgs 120-125 June 2000.
  13. Chek, P. Scientific Back Training. Paul Chek Seminars. La Jolla, CA. 1994.
  14. Chek, P. Swiss Ball Training. Paul Chek Seminars. La Jolla, CA. 1996.
  15. Church J. Brian, Wiggins Matthew S., Moode F. Michael, & Crist Randall. Effect of Warm-Up and Flexibility Treatments on Vertical Jump Performance. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 332-336 2001.
  16. Cipriani D, Abel B, & Pirrwitz D. A comparison of two stretching protocols on hip range of motion: implications for total daily stretch duration [Abstract]. J Strength Cond Res.17(2): 274-8 May 2003.
  17. Clarkson HM, & Gilewich GB. Musculoskeletal Assessment: Joint Range of Motion and Manual Muscle Strength. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1989.
  18. Cornelius William L. FLEXIBILITY EXERCISE: PNF Ankle Stretching: Partner/No-Partner Procedures. National Strength & Conditioning Association Journal: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 59-65 1991.
  19. Cornelius William L. FLEXIBILITY EXERCISE: Modified PNF Stretching: Improvement in Hip Flexion. National Strength & Conditioning Association Journal: Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 44-46 1990.
  20. Cornwell A, Nelson AG, & Sidaway B. Acute effects of stretching on the neuromechanical properties of the triceps surae muscle complex. Eur J Appl Physiol. Mar 86(5): 428-34. Epub 2002 Feb 05 2002.
  21. Ditillo, A. The Development of Muscular Bulk & Power. Ironman Magazine, Reprinted in 1999 by Wm F. Hinbern, Farmington, MI 1971.
  22. Etnyre BR, & Abraham LD. H-reflex changes during static stretching and two variations of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques [Abstract]. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 63(2): 174-9 Feb 1986.
  23. Etnyre BR, & Abraham LD. Gains in range of ankle dorsiflexion using three popular stretching techniques [Abstract]. Am J Phys Med. 65(4): 189-96 Aug 1986.
  24. Feland JB, Myrer JW, Schulthies SS, Fellingham GW, & Measom GW. The effect of duration of stretching of the hamstring muscle group for increasing range of motion in people aged 65 years or older. [Abstract]. Phys Ther. 81(5): 1110-7 May 2001.
  25. Finn, C. Does stretching make you weaker – really? http://www.thefactsaboutfitness.com/research/stretchstrength.htm 2004.
  26. Fowles JR, Sale DG, & MacDougall JD. Reduced strength after passive stretch of the human plantarflexors. J Appl Physiol. 89(3): 1179-88 Sep 2000.
  27. Fox EL, Bowers RW, & Foss, ML. The Physiological Basis for Exercise and Sport (5th edition.) Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown Communications, Inc., 1989.
  28. Frederick A&C. Advanced Stretching Techniques for Weight-Training Exercises, SWIS (seminar), 2002.
  29. Funk Dan, Swank Ann M., Adams Kent J.,& Treolo Dwayne.Efficacy of Moist Heat Pack Application Over Static Stretching on Hamstring Flexibility. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 123-126 2000.
  30. Gesztesi Béla. FLEXIBILITY FACTS: Stretching During Exercise. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 44-44 1999.
  31. Girouard CK,& Hurley BF. Does strength training inhibit gains in range of motion from flexibility training in older adults? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 27(10): 1444-9 Oct 1995.
  32. Goldspink DF, Cox VM, Smith SK, Eaves LA, Osbaldeston NJ, Lee DM, & Mantle D. Muscle growth in response to mechanical stimuli. [Abstract]. Am J Physiol. 268(2 Pt 1): E288-97 Feb 1995.
  33. Goodmurphy C. Pathology Workshop: Shoulder and Pelvic Girdle, OKA (seminar), 1998.
  34. Guissard N, Duchateau J, & Hainaut K. Muscle stretching and motoneuron excitability. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 58(1-2): 47-52 1995.
  35. Hale, J. Maxcondition for MMA, Part 2. Renegade Training International, http://www.renegadetraining.com/code_12_24_02/jamie_hale.html 2002.
  36. Harper, Tracy D. Protecting the Spine During Static Stretching. Strength and Conditioning: Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 52-53 1997.
  37. Hartley, A. Orthopaedic Shoulder Assessment, OKA (seminar), 2003.
  38. Hartley, A. Practical Joint Assessment: Lower Quadrant (2nd edition). Etobicoke, ON: Anne Hartley Agency, 2000.
  39. Hartley, A. Practical Joint Assessment: Upper Quadrant (2nd edition). Etobicoke, ON: Anne Hartley Agency, 2000.
  40. Hartmann, J, & Tunnemann, H. Fitness and Strength Training for All Sports. Toronto, ON: Sport Books Publisher, 1995.
  41. Hayes, J. Personal Communication, 2003.
  42. Herbert Rob D., Gabriel Michael. Effects of stretching before and after exercising on muscle soreness and risk of injury: systematic review. BMJ, 325: 468 Aug 2002.
  43. Holcomb, William R. Improved Stretching with Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 59-61 2000.
  44. Holman, S. POF Basics. Ironman Magazine, http://www.ironmanmagazine.com/detail.php?pid=312 2002.
  45. Huxley HE, Stewart A, Sosa H, & Irving T. X-ray diffraction measurements of the extensibility of actin and myosin filaments in contracting muscle. Biophys J. 67(6): 2411-21 Dec 1994.
  46. Jackson AW, Morrow JR Jr., Brill PA, Kohl HW 3rd, Gordon NF, & Blair SN. Relations of sit-up and sit- and-reach tests to low back pain in adults. [Abstract]. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 27(1): 22-6. Jan 1998.
  47. Johansson, PH., Lindstrom, L., Sundelin, G., & Lindstrom, B. The effects of pre-exercise stretching on muscular soreness, tenderness and force loss following heavy eccentric exercise. [Abstract]. Scand J Med Sci Sports 9: 219225 1999.
  48. Johansson PH, Lindstrom L, Sundelin G, & Lindstrom B. The effects of pre-exercise stretching on muscular soreness, tenderness and force loss following heavy eccentric exercise. [Abstract]. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 9(4): 219-25 Aug 1999.
  49. Kendall F. P., McCreary E. K., & Provance P. G. Muscles testing and function with posture and pain (4th ed.). Williams & Wilkins. 1993.
  50. Kluczynski V. Personal Communication, 2003.
  51. Knapik JJ, Bauman CL, Jones BH, Harris JM, & Vaughan L. Preseason strength and flexibility imbalances associated with athletic injuries in female collegiate athletes [Abstract]. Am J Sports Med. 19 (1): 76-81 Jan-Feb 1991.
  52. Knortz Karen, & Ringel Chris.Bridging the Gap: PNF-Not just stretching. National Strength & Conditioning Association Journal: Vol. 7, No. 1, pp.44-46 1985.
  53. Knudson Duane, Bennett Kati, Corn Rod, Leick David, & Smith Chris.: Acute Effects of Stretching Are Not Evident in the Kinematics of the Vertical Jump. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 98-101 2001.
  54. Kokkonen J, Nelson AG, & Cornwell A. Acute muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance. Res Q Exerc Sport. 69(4): 411-5 Dec 1998.
  55. Kubo K, Kanehisa H, & Fukunaga T. Gender differences in the viscoelastic properties of tendon structures. Eur J Appl Physiol. Feb 88(6): 520-6. Epub 2002 Nov 20 2003.
  56. Lindsay M. Personal Communication, 2003.
  57. Lucas RC, & Koslow R. Comparative study of static, dynamic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching techniques on flexibility [Abstract]. Percept Mot Skills. 58(2): 615-8 Apr 1984.
  58. Lund H, Vestergaard-Poulsen P, Kanstrup IL, & Sejrsen P. The effect of passive stretching on delayed onset muscle soreness, and other detrimental effects following eccentric exercise [Abstract]. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 8(4): 216-21 Aug 1998.
  59. Luoma TC. Do The SPIDER - Stretch the Limits of Muscle Growth. Muscle Media: No. 63, pgs 120-132 November 1997.
  60. Magnusson SP, Simonsen EB, Aagaard P, Sorensen H, & Kjaer M. A mechanism for altered flexibility in human skeletal muscle. J Physiol. 1996 Nov 15; 497 (Pt 1):291-8. Erratum in: J Physiol (Lond) 497(Pt 3): 857 Dec 15 1996.
  61. Magnusson SP. Passive properties of human skeletal muscle during stretch maneuvers. A review. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 8(2): 65-77. Review Apr 1998.
  62. Mann Douglas P., & Jones Margaret T. Guidelines to the Implementation of a Dynamic Stretching Program. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 53-55 1999.
  63. Mattes A. Active Isolated Stretching for Weight-Training Shoulder Injuries, SWIS (seminar), 2000.
  64. Mattes A. About AIS. http://www.stretchingusa.com/aboutAIS.cfm
  65. McAtee RE. Facilitated Stretching. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1993.
  66. McGill S. Low Back Injury: Improving Prevention Strategies and Rehabilitation Approaches, OKA (seminar), 2001.
  67. McNair PJ, Dombroski EW, Hewson DJ, & Stanley SN. Stretching at the ankle joint: viscoelastic responses to holds and continuous passive motion. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 33(3): 354-8 Mar 2001.
  68. Moore MA, & Hutton RS. Electromyographic investigation of muscle stretching techniques [Abstract]. Med Sci Sports Exerc.12(5): 322-9 1980.
  69. Nelson AG, Kokkonen J, Eldredge C, Cornwell A, & Glickman-Weiss E. Chronic stretching and running economy. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 11(5): 260-5 Oct 2001.
  70. Nelson AG, & Kokkonen J. Acute ballistic muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance. Res Q Exerc Sport. 72(4): 415-9 Dec 2001.
  71. Nelson AG, Allen JD, Cornwell A, & Kokkonen J. Inhibition of maximal voluntary isometric torque production by acute stretching is joint-angle specific. Res Q Exerc Sport. 72(1): 68-70 Mar 2001.
  72. Nelson Arnold G., Guillory Ivan K., Cornwell Andrew, & Kokkonen, Joke. Inhibition of Maximal Voluntary Isokinetic Torque Production Following Stretching Is Velocity-Specific. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 241-246 2001.
  73. Ninos Joel. FLEXIBILITY FACTS: When Could Stretching Be Harmful? Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 57-58 1999.
  74. Ninos Joel. FLEXIBILITY FACTS: A New Method of Stretching the Iliotibial Band. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 15-16 1999.
  75. Ninos Joel. Guidelines for Proper Stretching. Strength and Conditioning: Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 44-46 1995.
  76. Ninos Joel. FLEXIBILITY FACTS: PNF-Self Stretching Techniques. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 28-29 2001.
  77. Ninos Joel. Stretching the Forearm. Strength and Conditioning: Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 64-65 1997.
  78. Parrillo J. Genetic Equalizer - Fascial Stretching. Body International: Vol. 2, pgs 196-205 April 2000.
  79. Pelham Thomas W., & Hoyle Richard J. FLEXIBILITY AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT: Stretching to Maintain ROM In Young Hockey Players During Skill Acquisition. National Strength & Conditioning Association Journal: Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 58-60 1992.
  80. Perrone CE, Fenwick-Smith D, & Vandenburgh HH. Collagen and stretch modulate autocrine secretion of insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins from differentiated skeletal muscle cells. J Biol Chem. 270(5): 2099-106 Feb 3 1995.
  81. Pfaff, D. Personal Communication, 2001.
  82. Poliquin C. Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation, VAM (seminar), 1997.
  83. Poliquin C. Optimum Leg Training, VAM (seminar), 1998.
  84. Poliquin C. Preparing for the Ultimate Workout. Testosterone, Issue #81. Dec. 3, http://testosterone.net/html/81ultim.html 1999.
  85. Poliquin C. Strength Coaching Theory. Dayton Publications, 1997.
  86. Poliquin C. Question Of Strength, Testosterone, Issue 67, http://t-mag.com/html/67cp.html August 27, 1999.
  87. Roozen Mark M., & Herbert Tammy A.Enhancing Flexibility: Stretching Past the Norm. Strength and Conditioning: Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 18-25 1995.
  88. Ross MD., Nordeen MH, & Barido, M Test-Retest Reliability of Patrick's Hip Range of Motion Test in Healthy College-Aged Men. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 156-161, 2003.
  89. Ross Michael. FLEXIBILITY FACTS: Stretching the Hip Flexors. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 71-72 1999.
  90. Ross Michael. Effect of Lower-Extremity Position and Stretching on Hamstring Muscle Flexibility. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 124-129 1999.
  91. Sady SP, Wortman M, & Blanke D. Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation? [Abstract] Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 63(6): 261-3 Jun 1982.
  92. Schilling B.K., & Stone M.H. Stretching: Acute Effects on Strength and Power Performance. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 22, No. 1, pp.44-47 2000.
  93. Shrier I., & Gossa, K. Myths and Truths of Stretching: Individualized Recommendations for Healthy Muscles. THE PHYSICIAN AND SPORTSMEDICINE - VOL 28 - NO. 8 - AUGUST 2000.
  94. Shrier I. Stretching before exercise: an evidence based approach. Br J Sports Med; 34: 324-325, 2000.
  95. Siff MC. Applied Science in Conditioning for Rehabilitation and Performance, OKA (seminar), 2000.
  96. Siff MC, & Verkhoshansky, YV. Supertraining (4th Edition). Denver, CO: Supertraining International, 1999.
  97. Siff MC. Facts and Fallacies of Fitness 4th ed. Denver, CO: Supertraining International, 2000.
  98. Smith CA. The warm-up procedure: to stretch or not to stretch. A brief review. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 19(1):12-7 Jan 1994.
  99. Spernoga SG,, Uhl TL, Arnold BL, & Gansneder BM. Duration of Maintained Hamstring Flexibility After a One-Time, Modified Hold-Relax Stretching Protocol. J Athl Train. 36(1): 44-48 Mar. 2001.
  100. Staley C. Warming-Up to a Great Workout: A five-stage event! Testosterone, Issue No. 115. http://t-mag.com/html/115warm.html July 28, 2000.
  101. Taylor DC, Dalton JD Jr., Seaber AV, & Garrett WE Jr. Viscoelastic properties of muscle-tendon units. The biomechanical effects of stretching .[Abstract]. Am J Sports Med. 18(3): 300-9 May-June 1990.
  102. Telle J. Various articles from Dolfzine magazine. http://www.dolfzine.com
  103. Toft E, Espersen GT, Kalund S, Sinkjaer T, & Hornemann BC. Passive tension of the ankle before and after stretching. Am J Sports Med. 17(4): 489-94 Jul-Aug. 1989.
  104. Tsatsouline P. Super Joints. St. Paul, MN: Advanced Fitness Solutions & Dragon Door Publications, Inc., 2001.
  105. Tsatsouline P. Relax Into Stretch (Video). St. Paul, MN: Advanced Fitness Solutions & Dragon Door Publications, Inc., 2001.
  106. Tsatsouline P. Beyond Stretching (Video). St. Paul, MN: Advanced Fitness Solutions & Dragon Door Publications, Inc., 1997.
  107. Tsatsouline P. Forced Relaxation (Video). St. Paul, MN: Advanced Fitness Solutions & Dragon Door Publications, Inc., 2001.
  108. Turner G. Real Bodybuilding Audiotape Series. http://www.wwfitness.com/turner.html
  109. Tyson A, REHAB TIPS: Watch Your Posture. Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 57-58 2002.
  110. Wakabayashi K, Sugimoto Y, Tanaka H, Ueno Y, Takezawa Y, & Amemiya Y. X-ray diffraction evidence for the extensibility of actin and myosin filaments during muscle contraction. Biophys J. 67(6): 2422-35. Erratum in: Biophys J 1995 Mar 68(3): 1196-7 Dec. 1994.
  111. Wathen Dan. STRETCHING: Flexibility: Its place in warm-up activities. National Strength & Conditioning Association Journal: Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 26-27 1987.
  112. Wharton J & P. The Whartons' Stretch Book. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press, 1996.
  113. Wiemann K, & Hahn K. Influences of strength, stretching and circulatory exercises on flexibility parameters of the human hamstrings. Int J Sports Med. 18(5): 340-6 Jul 1997.
  114. Wiktorsson-Moller M, Oberg B, Ekstrand J, & Gillquist J. Effects of warming up, massage, and stretching on range of motion and muscle strength in the lower extremity. Am J Sports Med. 11(4): 249-52 Jul-Aug 1983.
  115. Wilkinson M, & Williams A. Running Economy. Peak Performance Newsletter, Issue No. 175, http://www.pponline.co.uk/encyc/1007.htm 2003.
  116. Wilson GJ, Elliott BC, & Wood GA. Stretch shorten cycle performance enhancement through flexibility training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 24(1): 116-23 Jan 1992.
  117. Wilson GJ, Murphy AJ, & Pryor JF. Musculotendinous stiffness: its relationship to eccentric, isometric, and concentric performance. J Appl Physiol. 76(6): 2714-9 Jun 1994.
  118. Wilson Tim. Stretching the Muscles of the Vertebral Column. Strength and Conditioning: Vol. 16, No. 6, pp. 46-49 1994.
  119. Winchester PK, Davis ME, Alway SE, & Gonyea WJ. Satellite cell activation in the stretch-enlarged anterior latissimus dorsi muscle of the adult quail. [Abstract] Am J Physiol. 260(2 Pt 1): C206-12 Feb 1991.
  120. Worrell TW. Factors associated with hamstring injuries. An approach to treatment and preventative measures. Sports Med. 17(5): 338-45. Review May 1994.
  121. Young W, & Elliott S. Acute effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching, and maximum voluntary contractions on explosive force production and jumping performance. Res Q Exerc Sport. 72(3): 273-9 Sep 2001.
  122. Young, WB. & Behm, DG, Should Static Stretching Be Used During a Warm-Up for Strength and Power Activities? Strength and Conditioning Journal: Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 33-37 2002.
  123. Zito M, Driver D, Parker C, & Bohannon R. Lasting effects of one bout of two 15-second passive stretches on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 26(4): 214-21 Oct 1997.
I would like to acknowledge the many authorities and publications that contributed both directly and indirectly to this presentation. Great effort was made to fully reference all material that was used in this presentation. If you feel that I have missed anything, please contact me and I will be sure to include a correction in a future edition.
 
Sincerely,
John Paul Catanzaro
HomePresenterSample ClipGuaranteePrivacySecurityLegalContact
Copyright © 2015 The Catanzaro Group. All Rights Reserved.